FCNs are based in a faith community, a church, church-based school, aged care service or other community service conducted under the auspices of the church. FCNs serve the people within that faith community and/or people from the geographic or cultural community which that faith community serves.

They may have a particular focus for their ministry such as, working with people who are homeless, mental health, aged care, disability, addiction, vulnerable families, maternal/child welfare, or community health and development.

FCNs may work with people of any faith, or no faith, as well as people within their own faith community

The FCN role is always undertaken under the governance of an employing faith community which supports the ministry with resources and prayer.